Great Siege of Malta Ends When Ottoman Forces Leave Hot

Great Siege of Malta Ends When Ottoman Forces Leave

Siege of Malta, Map from 1568

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Great Siege of Malta: Ottoman forces leave the island of Malta, ending their siege in failure and leaving the Knights Hospitaller (also known as the Knights of Malta) in control.

This will be one of the most celebrated Christian victories of early modern Europe because only around 7,000-8,000 Christian defenders have managed to hold out against nearly 50,000 Ottoman invaders since May.

When the Ottoman Turks first invaded Malta, Queen Elizabeth I is reported to have said:

"If the Turks should prevail against the Isle of Malta, it is uncertain what further peril might follow to the rest of Christendom."

The Christian victory is costly: after fourths months of constant attacks, including over 130,000 canon balls, one third of the Hospitaller knights and one third of the of the native Maltese people have been killed.

European thinking about the Ottoman Empire now begins to shift significantly. Previously, the Ottomans had been regarded as an invincible foe. Now, Europeans regard them them as an opponent which can be beaten, even when attacking in massive numbers.

Video

The Great Siege of Malta 1565

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