King Philip IV of France Places Pope Boniface VIII Under Arrest Hot

King Philip IV of France Places Pope Boniface VIII Under Arrest

Pope Boniface VIII

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Pope Boniface VIII is placed under arrest in Anagni, Italy, by King Philip IV of France. Boniface has excommunicated Philip, and this is the king's response.

Boniface VIII has been making strong claims to both religious and political power, something which does not sit well with other rulers in Europe. In 1302 he issued the papal bull Unam Sanctam ("One Holy"), which was one of the boldest statements of papal supremacy ever issued.

In it, Pope Boniface VIII writes:

"By our faith we are compelled to believe and sustain on holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. This We firmly believe, and We make simple confession that outside the Church there is no salvation or remission of sins. ...

Therefore, We declare, affirm and define as a truth necessary for salvation that every human being is subject to the Roman pontiff."

Such declarations of power are naturally unwelcome among secular authorities, and Boniface seems to be blind to the growing power of secular nationalism which is spreacing across Europe.

Most opposed to Boniface VIII has been King Philip IV ("the Fair") of France. The imprisonment only lasts for three days, but the stress takes its toll and he dies shortly after.

Not even that will stop Philip's pursuit, and in 1310 he will force Pope Clement V to initiate proceedings to determine that Boniface was heretical (the charges are eventually dropped).

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