Death of Antipope Clement III, was Important in Conflicts Over Investiture

Death of Antipope Clement III, was Important in Conflicts Over Investiture

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
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Antipope Clement III dies. Born Giberto Giberti, Clement became an important figure in the conflicts over investiture between Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and the popes.

Elevated to Archbishop of Ravenna against the wishes of Pope Alexander II, Clement would take Henry's side against Alexander's successor, Pope Gregory VII. Clement was the chief opponent of the Gregorian Reforms to the priesthood, specifically Gregory's goal of ending clerical concubinage, abolishing clerical simony, and ejecting from the clergy any priests who persisted in keeping concubines.

In April 1076 opponents of Pope Gregory VII met and excommunicated him. Gregory then excommunicated Giberto. In 1080, Henry VI made Giberto pope, but he received no support outside Henry's circle of influence.

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