Abd al-Rahman of Ummayyad Dynasty Flees to Spain Hot

Abd al-Rahman of Ummayyad Dynasty Flees to Spain

Abdul al Rahman I
Source: Wikipedia

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Abd al-Rahman (Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan) of the Umayyad dynasty flees to Spain to escape the Abbasids. He will establish here the Umayyad Emirate of Cordoba and thus be responsible for creating the "Golden Caliphate" in Spain.

The Umayyad dynasty will rule most of the Iberian peninsula for the next three centuries, and under Muslim rule the region will be called al-Andalus, a name of disputed and uncertain origin but which may be derived from names that pre-date Roman occupation.

Only 20 years old when the Abbasid Revolution caused the downfall of the Umayyad Caliphate, he flees Damascus with portions of his family — first east to the Euphrates, then to Egypt. All along the way they have to evade Abbasid agents, and soon only Abd al-Rahman and a former Greek slave are still alive.

Eventually they manage to travel across Northern Africa then cross into Spain where a few former clients and supporters of the Umayyad family had gathered.

Video

The Umayyad Caliphate in Spain

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