Future Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court William Rehnquist is born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. A staunch political and legal conservative, Rehnquist will make a name for himself working on behalf of white Republican political candidates by challenging the right of black citizens to vote.
His challenges include imposing literacy tests on black citizens who want to cast votes in Arizona elections.
William Rehnquist will join the Supreme Court as an Associate Justice in 1972. After 14 years, he becomes Chief Justice in 1986 and serves there for another 19 years, making him the fourth-longest-serving Chief Justice after John Marshall, Roger Taney, and Melville Fuller.