Pope Leo XIII Issues Encyclical Stating All States are Subordinate to God Hot

Pope Leo XIII Issues Encyclical Stating All States are Subordinate to God

Pope Leo XIII, 1900

Pope Leo XIII issues his papal encyclical Immortale Dei in which he declares that all states are subordinate to God and therefore no state is justified in being secular; instead, all states must encourage and support "true" religion.

On the authority of human government, Pope Leo XIII writes:

"But as no society can hold together unless someone be over all, directing all to strive earnestly for the common good, every civilized community must have a ruling authority, and this authority, no less than society itself, has its source in nature, and has consequently God for its author.

Hence it follows that all public power must proceed from God. For God alone is the true and supreme Lord of the world. Everything without exception must be subject to Him, and must serve Him, so that whosoever holds the right to govern, holds it from one sole and single source, namely God, the Sovereign Ruler of all.

'There is no power but from God.'"

On the authority of the Catholic Church he writes:

"This society is made up of men, just as civil society is, and yet is supernatural and spiritual on account of the end for which it was founded and of the means by which it aims at attaining that end.

Hence it is distinguished and differs from civil society and, what is of highest moment, it is a society chartered as of right Divine, perfect in its nature and in its title, to possess in itself, through the will and loving kindness of its Founder, all needful provision for its maintenance and action.

And just as the end at which the Church aims is by far the noblest of ends, so is its authority the most exalted of all authorlty, nor can it be looked upon as inferior to the civil power or in any manner dependent upon it. In very truth Jesus Christ gave to His Apostles unrestrained authority in regard to things sacred, to gather with the genuine and most true power of making laws, as also with the twofold right of judging and of punishing, which flow from that power."
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