Stalin Replaces Jewish Foreign Minister, Makes Treaty with Germany Possible Hot

Stalin Replaces Jewish Foreign Minister, Makes Treaty with Germany Possible

Maxim Litvinov
Source: Wikipedia

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Joseph Stalin replaces Maxim Litvinov, a Jew who has been Soviet Foreign Minister for the past 18 years, with Vyacheslav M. Molotov, a gentile.

After the 1919 October Revolution, Lenin personally sent Litvinov as the Soviet representative to Britain, where he managed to get the British government to end their economic blockade of the Soviet Union. As a roving ambassador, he negotiates trade deals with several European nations.

Maxim Litvinov is, however, a Jew, and there is still enough anti-Semitism in the Soviet Union for this to be a problem. It also makes negotiations with Nazi Germany more difficult. He is dismissed in the middle of the night; his closest aids are arrested and beaten, possibly in the hope of getting information that can be used against Litvinov.

After this, Molotov moves quickly in diplomatic negotiations with Germany — the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact dividing control of eastern Europe is signed just three months later.

From the very beginning, Maxim Litvinov distrusts Hitler and doesn't believe the treaty is worth anything; Stalin, though, thinks that it gives him more freedom to act in the East.


Soviet Envoy Maxim Litvinov Talks With Roosevelt, 1933

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