John Randolph Neal, a former law professor and law school dean at the University of Tennessee who had been ousted from by fundamentalists because of his support of evolution, becomes lead attorney for the defense of John Scopes.
Neal explains what his legal argument will be:
"We will contend that the law is in conflict with the Constitution providing for religious freedom and separation of church and state."
Neal also insists on the importance of freedom of learning:
"The question is not whether evolution is true or untrue, but involves the freedom of teaching. Or, what is more important, freedom of learning.
As we see it, the great question is whether the Tennessee Legislature has the power to prevent the young minds of Tennessee from knowing what has been thought and said by the world's greatest scientists, and thus to prevent them from forming their own judgment in regard to questions of life and science.
We regard it as equally un-American and, therefore, unconstitutional whether it is kingly or ecclesiastical authority or legislative power that would attempt to limit the human mind in its inquiry after the truth."