Alois Hudal is born in Graz. Hudal will become an archbishop in Rome; because of his pro-Nazi beliefs, he becomes instrumental in helping many former Nazis flee to places like South America with forged documents and thereby escape justice after World War II.
For thirty years Alois Hudal will lead the Austrian-German congregation of Santa Maria dell'Anima in Rome. In June 1933, Hudal will be ordained Titular Bishop of Aela by Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (the future Pope Pius XII). He will have the support of Pope Pius XI and will be the leading Austrian Church representative within the Vatican.
In 1937 he will publish The Foundations of National Socialism, a book that praises Adolf Hitler and his policies. Once the Nazis take power in Germany, Alois Hudal begins adopting a more nationalistic and anti-Semitic line. Hudal will be one of many Catholics who see in systems like Nazism a welcome ally against communism, bolshevism, and liberalism.