Last Ayyubid Sultan in Egypt Replced by Mamluk General Hot

Last Ayyubid Sultan in Egypt Replced by Mamluk General

Ayyubid Empire Before the Mamluks Take Over
Source: Wikipedia

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Al-Muazzam Turanshah, the last Sultan of Egypt from the Ayyubid dynasty founded by Saladin, is murdered and replaced by his Mamluk slave-general Izz al-Din Aybak, founder the Mamluk Dynasty. Turanshah had only ruled for about a year before his murder.

King Louis IX of France will actually form an alliance with the Mamluks shortly after this. The word "Mamluk" literally means "one who is owned," or "slave," a reference to the fact that the Mamluks started out as slaves.

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