Abbot of Monte Cassino Elected as Pope Victor III

Abbot of Monte Cassino Elected as Pope Victor III

Pope Victor III
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Desiderius, Abbot of Monte Cassino, is elected Pope Victor III.

Desiderius is not eager to be pope and is appaently embarrassed that the cardinals have elected him. In fact, right after this election he abandons Rome for Monte Cassino where he has been a very successful abbot. It won't be until the spring of 1087 that people are able to convince him to return to Rome and receive his consecration.

Pope Victor III does not reign very long. Among his few accomplishments are declarations against lay investiture, the excommunication of Antipope Clement II (whose presence in Rome is one reason for his acceptance of the papacy in 1087), and a call for a crusade against Muslims in Africa. The entire time he will be troubled by pressures put upon him by Henry IV, who opposed Victor's position on lay investiture, and Clement III, the antipope set up by Henry.

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