Pope Sylvester II dies.
The first Frenchman to be elected pope, Pope Sylvester II was instrumental in bringing an end to the Carolingian dynasty by helping Hugh Capet become king of France, starting the Capetian dynasty.
A scholar with interests in mathematics and astronomy, a number of rumors developed about him being involved with magic, but that was simply an expression of the anti-intellectualism of his age.
Sylvester II was also a strong defender of the independence and authority of the papacy, yet he had to work closely with Emperor Otto III to reform the many abuses occurring in the church — including simony, nepotism, and clerical marriage.
Ultimately, Pope Sylvester II was too close to Otto III; when the people of Rome revolt against foreign domination, Pope Sylvester II has to flee with the emperor.