Emperor Constantine the Great issues a new edict requiring all judicial decisions made by bishops to be upheld permanently. Also, if any party in a lawsuit wants the case to be heard by a bishop instead of a secular judge, then the case must be moved to a bishop regardless of what others involved in the case think or want.
Constantine says in his new law:
"Any kind of judicial decisions rendered by bishops, regardless of age, must be forever upheld as inviolate and unimpaired. Whatever the bishops rule in a judicial decision must be treated as forever holy and revered. It doesn't matter whether the case involves children or adults, you must enforce their decisions.
If anyone involved in a lawsuit, whether as defendant or as plaintiff, and regardless of whether it's at the start of a case, after the statutory time limits have elapsed, when final pleadings are made, or even when the judge is about to proclaim their judgment, wants to move the case the court of a bishop, then it should be done immediately and without question — even if the other party to the suit opposes it. The authority of sacred religion may reveal many things which restrictive legal technicalities preclude in secular courts.
Thus any case tried by secular or by civil law, when decided by bishops, must be affirmed eternally as a permanent law. No case decided by a bishop can be subject to review in secular courts.
Furthermore, any testimony provided by a bishop must be accepted without question or hesitation by every judge, even if the bishop is the only witness. If any party to a lawsuit promises the testimony of a bishop, then no other witness shall be heard.
It is established as an incorruptible truth that which is produced from the undefiled mind of a sacred man..." [CS 1]
This new law provides not only significant practical benefits to Christian churches and Christian clergy, but it also provides a massive boost to the overall prestige and importance of churches and clergy. Christian bishops are now in many ways the social and political equivalents of Roman civil judges. In some areas, Christian bishops are arguably superior because they have authority over cases simply because a party to a dispute wants their case heard by a bishop — civil judges don't have the same status.