U.S. District Judge Stewart Dalzell rules that a Ten Commandments monument in Chester County, Pennsylvania, is unconstitutional.
Judge Dalzell writes in his ruling:
"The only plaque on the courthouse facade with any substantive content is the Ten Commandment tablet. With neither the Bill of Rights, the Declaration of Independence, the Mayflower Compact nor any other fundamental legal text flanking it, the tablet's necessary effect on those who see it is to endorse or advance the unique importance of this predominantly religious text for mainline Protestantism"
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit will overturn Dalzell's decision, ruling that the age of the plaque is real motivation for having it on the courthouse and the Ten Commandments monument is therefore constitutional.