Vatican Issues Declaration Against Scientific Involvement in Human Reproduction

Vatican Issues Declaration Against Scientific Involvement in Human Reproduction

In Vitro Fertilization

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The Vatican issues a formal declaration to express its opposition to test-tube fertilization, embryo transfer, and most forms of scientific involvement in human reproduction. The document, called "Instruction on Respect for Human Life in its Origin and on the Dignity of Procreation," rejects almost every possible modern intervention in the procreative process.

According to the Vatican:

"...Artificial Fertilization is contrary to the unity of marriage, to the dignity of the spouses, to the vocation proper to parents, and to the child's right to be conceived and brought into the world in marriage and from marriage. ...

Fertilization of a married woman with the sperm of a donor different from her husband and fertilization with the husband's sperm of an ovum not coming from his wife are illicit. Furthermore, the artificial fertilization of a woman who is unmarried or a widow, whoever the donor may be, cannot be justified. ...

Surrogate motherhood [is morally illicit] for it is contrary to the unity of marriage and to the dignity of the procreation of the human person. [It] represents an objective failure to meet the obligations of maternal love, of conjugal fidelity and of responsible motherhood.

Conception 'in vitro' is the result of the technical action which presides over fertilization. Such fertilization is neither in fact achieved nor positively willed as the expression and fruit of the specific act of the conjugal union...."Therefore, the generation of the human person is objectively deprived of its proper perfection... The Church remains opposed from the moral point of view to... in vitro' fertilization. Such fertilization is in illicit and in opposition to the dignity of procreation and of the conjugal union. ...

Artificial insemination [with the husband's sperm] within marriage cannot be admitted except for those cases in which the technical means is not a substitute for the conjugal act, but serves to facilitate and to help so that the act attains its natural purpose."

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Fertility and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

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