German Protestant and pacifist Martin Niemöller dies in Wiesbaden, Germany. Martin Niemöller was politically conservative priest who initially supported the policies of Adolf Hitler. Soon, though, he left the Lutheran Church to help found the Confessional Church in opposition to attempts by the Nazi Party to assert control over Protestant churches.
Martin Niemöller's opposition to Hitler was not based on opposition to Nazi Anti-Semitism or militarism, but on his desire to preserve the independence and privileges of Christian churches. It was only later that Niemöller's opposition to the Nazis grew into a broader policy pacifism and anti-Nazism.