Argued: West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette - The Supreme Court will rule 8-1 that a school district violated the rights of students by forcing them to salute the American flag. This overrules the 1940 decision in Minersville School District v. Gobitis.
Justice Jackson will write in the majority opinion:
"Symbolism is a primitive but effective way of communicating ideas. The use of an emblem or flag to symbolize some system, idea, institution, or personality, is a short cut from mind to mind. Causes and nations, political parties, lodges and ecclesiastical groups seek to knit the loyalty of their followings to a flag or banner, a color or design.
Associated with many of these symbols are appropriate gestures of acceptance or respect: a salute, a bowed or bared head, a bended knee. A person gets from a symbol the meaning he puts into it, and what is one man's comfort and inspiration is another's jest and scorn."