Oranienburg Concentration Camp Opened Near Berlin Hot

Oranienburg Concentration Camp Opened Near Berlin

Front Gate of the Oranienburg Concentration Camp, 1933
Source: Deutsches Bundesarchiv

The Nazi Party sets up the Oranienburg concentration camp on the site of an abandoned factory in Oranienburg, near Berlin. This is one of the first of the Nazi concentration camps in Germany and it's designed to hold political prisoners, mostly communists and socialists swept up by the SA and police at the time of the Nazi seizure of power.

Unlike later concentration camps, the Oranienburg camp is located right in the middle of a population center. Every day people can see inside the camp and prisoners are regularly marched through the town for provide labor somewhere.

The purpose of this camp is suppression of political dissent, not the extermination of enemies, so the Nazis have nothing to hide. On the contrary, it benefits them for people to see what happens to political opponents.

After the SA is eliminated and responsibility for concentration camps is taken over by SS, Oranienburg will be shut down and replaced by the Sachsenhausen concentration camp nearby.

User comments

There are no user comments for this item.

Ratings (the higher the better)
Interesting
Comment
    Please enter the security code.
 
 
Powered by JReviews

Today's Major Events

Operation Barbarossa, Invasion of Soviet Union, is Launched by Nazi Germany
Second Armistice at Compiègne Signed Between Germany and Remains of French Government
ACLU Will Try to Raise $10,000 for Defense of John Scopes for Teaching Evolution
Birth of Erich Marie Remarque, Author of All Quiet On The Western Front
Freuds's General Introduction to Psychoanalysis is First Published in U.S.