Austrian Parliament Dissolved by Chancellor Dollfuss to Keep Nazis Out

Austrian Parliament Dissolved by Chancellor Dollfuss to Keep Nazis Out

Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss
Source: Wikipedia

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In order to prevent Austria from becoming unified with Nazi Germany, Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss dissolves the parliament and begins ruling by decree, becoming himself a fascist dictator.

In the opinion of Dollfuss, too many members of parliament were becoming too enamored of the possibility of unification with Germany and this is the only way he can think of to preserve Austrian independence.

Engelbert Dollfuss will ban the DNSAP (the Austrian Nazi Party) in June as well as the Communist Party a little while later.

Dollfuss develops a close relationship with Benito Mussolini, fascist dictator in Italy, and even patterns his own fascist regime after Mussolini's. In return, Mussolini publicly guarantees Austrian independence and hopes that a fascist Austria will provide a buffer between Italy and Nazi Germany — at this time, Mussolini is not allied with Germany and doesn't trust Adolf Hitler.

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