The Kapp Putsch starts when the Freikorps group Marinebrigade Ehrhard seizes control of Berlin. Orders are being given by General Walther von Lüttwitz, but the coup attempt is generally attributed to Wolfgang Kapp, an American-born journalist and founder of Germany's Fatherland Party. The goal of the Putsch is to restore the monarchy and the German army.
According to a declaration made by Kapp:
"The new government will restore all officials removed from office since the November revolution [which put the current Ebert government into power] and protect their interests in every respect, but requires of these officials of the old faith a loyal performance of their duties in the common good."
Members of the government manage to flee and a number of prominent conservatives come to Kapp's support, including General Ludendorff. However, no foreign governments recognize Kapp's government and the regular army ignores calls to support the coup.
When a general strike is called to fight back against the coup, the people support the old government and the Kapp Putsch collapses.