The first U.S. eugenic sterilization law is passed by the Indiana legislature. This law allowed for sterilization of "confirmed criminals, idiots, imbeciles, and rapists." By 1917, fourteen more states will follow this example.
A variety of "defectives" will be forced to undergo sterilization, including epileptics, the mentally ill, those with low IQ scores, and a variety of criminals.
By 1929, twenty-three states will have eugenics laws on the books, providing for the sterilization of various types of citizens in order to eliminate any possible progeny.
The Indiana law will be struck down by the Indiana State Supreme Court in 1921 but replaced by similar one in 1923. Eventually, the 1942 Supreme Court case of Skinner v. State of Oklahoma will invalidate all such laws.