Joseph Campbell, expert on mythology and comparative religion, is born in New York City. Campbell will become widely known for his work on mythology and comparative religion. A a student of Carl Jung, Campbell applies Jung's ideas about archetypes and the collective unconscious to religion in order to explain how mythologies and religious stories from around the word shared many basic features and plots.
According to Joseph Campbell, religious stories and myths are all culture-specific manifestations of the universal human need to explain their social, cosmological, and spiritual existence. As he says in his book Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949),
"Myth is the secret opening through which the inexhaustible energies of the cosmos pour into human manifestation..."