Henry M. Rector, governor of Arkansas delivers a speech at the Arkansas Secession Convention in which he argues that slavery is the essential point of contention between North and South.
According to Rector:
"The area of slavery must be extended correlative with its antagonism, or it will be put speedily in the 'course of ultimate extinction.' ... The extension of slavery is the vital point of the whole controversy between the North and the South. ...
Amendments to the federal constitution are urged by some as a panacea for all the ills that beset us. That instrument is amply sufficient as it now stands, for the protection of Southern rights, if it was only enforced. The South wants practical evidence of good faith from the North, not mere paper agreements and compromises.
They believe slavery a sin, we do not, and there lies the trouble."
At no point does Henry M. Rector, governor of Arkansas, claim that the dispute between North and South is simply that southern states object to federal overreach or that the South is simply defending the principle of "states' rights."