Richard Allen, the first black ordained in the Methodist Episcopal Church, and founder of the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church, dies at the age of 71. Allen's primary goals as a religious leader were the moral, religious, and intellectual education of blacks in America.
In pursuit of those goals, Richard Allen will create several organizations dedicated to education, especially for black children. He will also fight the efforts of some to send blacks back to Africa for the purpose of colonization. Like other critics, Allen will fear that such a project would be less voluntary and more mandatory that it is presented as being.
Allen's strong personality and single-mindedness will lead to many conflicts with other religious leaders. As a result, many black congregations break away from the A.M.E church or refuse to join altogether. Nevertheless, when Richard Allen dies the A.M.E. church will have over 7,000 members in congregations across the United States.