Benjamin Hoadly delivers his sermon "The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ" to King George I of Great Britain, starting the Bangorian Controversy. Hoadly's sermon argues from John 18:36, "My kingdom is not of this world," that there is no justification for any earthly church government and Christ had not delegated any special authority to any particular humans.
The argument Benjamin Hoadly is entering is both theological and political. On the one hand is the belief that God imbues bishops and kings with special authority and the qualities necessary to exercise that authority. This is the foundation for the belief in the divine right of kings. This is the view of the establishment, the Tories, and the Church of England.
On the other hand is the belief that all are equal before God and that whatever power is exercised in a church flows up from the people. No one in a church is granted any special station or qualities directly from God. This is the view of the Whigs and those who have broken away from Church of England: Puritans, Quakers, Baptists, etc.
King George I is actually on the side of the Whigs, at least when it comes to political matters. The problem for George is that his own policies are being thwarted by the House of Lords and the presence of bishops in the House of Lords makes it harder for him to control it. So for very political reasons, George I favors a theological positions which would tend to undermine the authority and power of his political rivals.