Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf is born in Dresden. A reformer within 18th century German Lutheranism, Zinzendorf will witness much of the splintering of Lutheranism. He is considered to be the founder of the Moravian Church.
The core of Zinzendorf's reforms may be the belief that Christianity should proceed based on free associations of like-minded Christians. These associations may or may not develop into churches, but either way they should be free of state control.
He will put this principle into practice by creating the Brüderlicher Vertrag, the Brotherly Agreement, which is a sort of contract that stipulates a code of behavior for a Christian community — perhaps the first a Christian code is created that focuses on behavior rather than dogma.