The Edict of Restitution, a victory for the Counter-Reformation, orders that all church property secularized in Germany since 1552 be restored to the Roman Catholic Church. In addition, the Edict declares that only those following the Augsburg Confession can practice Lutheranism.
The end result is to impose a massive transfer of wealth and property from Protestants to Catholics, making religious divisions even worse — especially within the German states. There is an enormous outcry, with some Protestant leaders banding together to fight and thousands of Protestants becoming refugees as they seek areas that will remain Protestant. The conflict over this is so severe that Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor, is forced to withdraw the Edict of Restitution in 1635.