Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake in Oxford. Thomas Cranmer was a relatively obscure academic who has provided Henry VIII with the advice he wanted on the issue of divorce. The king then elevated Cranmer to the position of Archbishop of Canterbury after Henry VIII broke away from with Rome.
In 1549 Thomas Cranmer created the Book of Common Prayer, which remains the basic book of religious services for the Church of England. After Henry's death, Cranmer became even more radical in his Protestantism and then declared a heretic by Mary Stuart - nicknamed "Bloody Mary" because of her violent persecution of Protestants.