Pope Nicholas V dies. Pope Nicholas V was the first of the Renaissance popes and has become known as a Humanist Pope because of the resources he devoted to scholarship and learning. He founded the Vatican Library and invested considerable sums for the translation of Greek literature.
Pope Nicholas V was more politically astute that many of his predecessors and he was able to make peace with a number of political rivals. One, Frederick III, was crowned emperor in St. Peter's in 1451, the last time such a coronation occurred there.