Nicholas V is elected pope. Pope Nicholas V is the first of the Renaissance popes and has become known as a Humanist Pope because of the resources he devoted to scholarship and learning. He will create the Vatican Library and invested considerable amounts of money into the translation of Greek literature.
Pope Nicholas V will more politically astute than many of his predecessors and he will make peace with a number of political rivals. One, Frederick III, will crowned emperor in St. Peter's in 1451, the last time such a coronation occurs there.