Election of Pope Lucius II as Pope, Reign is Beset by Civil Unrest

Election of Pope Lucius II as Pope, Reign is Beset by Civil Unrest

Pope Lucius II
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Lucius II is elected pope. The reign of Pope Lucius II will be characterized primarily by the civil unrest in Rome which he and his supporters work unsuccessfully to quell.

Lucius' first problem will be his political conflict with Roger of Sicily. He refuses to accept Roger's demands regarding the division of political and religious power, but an invasion into papal lands from Robert's son will force Pope Lucius II to submit. This, in turn, emboldens the Roman Senate to assert their own demands - in particular recognition of their ancient independence.

They will create the Commune of Rome and demand that the pope abandon all temporal, civil powers to the people. While waiting for military aid from Roger of Sicily and others, Pope Lucius II will lead his own army against the Senate and people. He will lose badly and is so injured that he dies a few days later.

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