Pope Benedict XIV Condemns Chinese Rites He Considers Incompatible With Catholicism Hot

Pope Benedict XIV Condemns Chinese Rites He Considers Incompatible With Catholicism

Pope Benedict XIV, 1754

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Chinese Rites Controversy: Pope Benedict XIV issues the papal bull Ex quo singulari, formally suppressing the practice of Chinese rites used by Jesuit missionaries in China.

In this, Benedict XIV is siding against the Jesuits and with the Dominicans who have been arguing that native religion, in China and elsewhere, is incompatible with Catholicism.

The bull Ex quo singulari is basically a reiteration of the bull Ex illa die by Pope Clement XI which officially condemned the inclusion of Chinese rites in Catholic practices. As a result, conversions in China decline sharply and many Chinese who converted to Christianity end up converting back to their native religion.

The Chinese Emperor will tell a papal delegate:

"You destroyed your religion. You put in misery all Europeans living here in China. You desecrated the honor of all those who died long ago."
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