Beirut & Sidon Captured by Mamluks of Egypt, Crusaders Flee With Holy Relics

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The Mamluks of Egypt capture Beirut and Sidon from the Crusaders. There had been a truce with the Mamluks, but Italian Crusaders broke it, thus the Mamluks have been looking for an excuse to remove even more Crusaders from the Middle East.

The original truce had been signed by Mamluk leader Baibars after the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, and a new one was signed by his successor, Qalawun with Lady Eschiva, a descendant of John of Ibelin.

After the Mamluks besiege Beirut, the remaining Crusaders conclude that they won't be able to hold the city and decide to flee by ship, taking with them all the relics they have collected in the Holy Lands over the years.

This puts an end to Crusader rule in Beirut, where it's lasted longer than in any other costal city, 171 years.

Video

Heritage of Palestine: Ayyubids, Mamluks, and Ottomans

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