Muslims Defeated at Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, a Major Turning Point in Reconquista Hot

Muslims Defeated at Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, a Major Turning Point in Reconquista

Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (al-Uqab)
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Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (al-Uqab): Almohad forces under the 4th Almohad Caliph Muhammad al-Nasir are defeated in the Spanish Reconquista (led by King Alfonso VIII of Castile) near the Spanish town Santa Elena.

King Alfonso VIII of Castile is aided by his rivals Sancho VII of Navarre, Peter II of Aragon, and Alfonso II of Portugal. France sends 2,000 knights, 10,000 horsemen, and 50,000 foot soldiers. All together the Christian army numbers around 100,000 — but the Muslim forces are around twice as large.

The Christians are able to hit the Muslim encampment by surprise and kill around 100,000 while only losing around 2,000. Caliph Muhammad al-Nasir, leader of the Muslim forces, escapes but will die himself soon after.

The defeat of the Muslims in this battle is a major turning point in the Reconquista. In the coming decades, nearly all of the major cities of Andalusia fall to the Christians: Merida (1231), Cordova (1236), Valencia (1238), Seville (1248), Murcia (1261), and Cadiz (1262). Only Granada manages hold out until 1492. 

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