Death of Pope Nicholas II

Death of Pope Nicholas II

Pope Nicholas II
Source: Wikipedia

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Pope Nicholas II dies in Florence, Italy. Born Gérard de Bourgogne, he was Bishop of Florence when he was elected pope in 1059 and a primary focus of his reign has been reforming how popes are elected.

One major change he institutes is that popes can only be elected by cardinals.

This denies any direct voice over papal elections to both secular rulers and the people of Rome. It also helps establish the preeminence and power of cardinals in the church.

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