Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV Excommunicated by Pope Gregory VII Hot

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV Excommunicated by Pope Gregory VII

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Source: Wikipedia

Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV because of his refusal to accept Gregory's position that secular rulers should not be allowed to invest clergy. Gregory VII is a reform-minded pope who issues decrees forbidding practices like clerical marriage, concubinage, and simony, thus demonstrating that even at this date such activity was still quite common.

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