Destruction of Baghdad by Mongols Ends Abbasid Period Hot

Destruction of Baghdad by Mongols Ends Abbasid Period

Map of the Territory Controlled by the Abbasid Dynasty
Source: Arab League

Timeline of History

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Religious History
Islamic History

The Abbasid Caliphate period ends with the destruction of Baghdad by the Mongols. The Mongols had already tried to take Baghdad in 1245 but failed. Now, after a series of devastating floods, the city's defenses had been weakened, and Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, leads the victorious invasion - one which kills an estimated 800,000 people.

Due to a Mongol taboo against spilling royal blood, Al-Musta'sim, a direct descendant of Muhammad's uncle (‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, founder of the Abbasid Caliphate) is wrapped in a carpet and trampled to death. His daughter is sent to be a slave in Hulagu's harem; his son is sent off to Mongolia. The rest of the family is slaughtered.

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