Anti-Clerical Constitution of Mexico Ratified

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Because of how strongly the Catholic hierarchy supported anti-revolutionary forces in Mexico, the Constitution created in the wake of the 1910 Mexican Revolution incorporates strong anti-clerical elements designed not only to create a strict separation of church and state, but also to reduce the power and influence of the Catholic church generally.

Article 3 of the 1917 Constitution mandates a secular education for everyone, banning religious instruction even in private schools. Article 130 of the 1917 Constitution removes any legal status for churches and denies clergy a right to vote. Worship services outside church building are banned without special permits. Later amendments to the Mexican Constitution would impose even stronger anti-clerical policies on the nation but the 1992 constitutional reforms eliminate most of them.

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