David Ben-Gurion, one of the founders of the State of Israel as well as its first Prime Minister, dies at the age of 87. He had retired from politics in 1970 and has spent his last years writing an 11-volume history of Israel’s first years.
David Ben-Gurion wrote most of the Israeli Declaration of Independence and was one of the first to sign it. He was largely responsible for uniting the various Jewish militias and organizing them into the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).
As Israel's first Prime Minister, he was responsible for building the basic institutions every state relies upon. He also administered the immigration of thousands of Jews from all over the world.