Jinna Sworn in as Pakistan's Governor-General and Nehru as India's Prime Minister

Jinna Sworn in as Pakistan's Governor-General and Nehru as India's Prime Minister

Jawaharlal Nehru
Source: Deutsches Bundesarchiv

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Independence and Partition of India: Mohammaed Ali Jinna is sworn in as governor-general of Pakistan (which had actually declared independence the day before) and Jawaharlal Nehru is sworn in as prime minister of India.

In London, the India office is formally abolished. Lord Mountbatten ceases to be the Viceroy and is now the Governor General of India. Both India and Pakistan will remain part of the British Commonwealth until June, at which point they will decide whether to go their own way or not.

The birth of India and Pakistan is marked by as much violence as celebration. In the Punjab in particular there are widespread riots of Hindus and Muslims fighting, killing, burning, and looting.

Video

India & Pakistan Partition BBC Special Presentation

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