Nazi Germany Holds Vote on Merging Offices of President and Chancellor Hot

Nazi Germany Holds Vote on Merging Offices of President and Chancellor

Adolf Hitler, Rudolf Hess, and Baldur von Schirach in Nuremberg, 1933

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Nazi Germany holds a plebiscite on approving the merger of two offices: Reich President (Reichspräsident, the head of state) and Reich Chancellor (Reichskanzler, the head of government).

Adolf Hitler signed the "Law on the Head of State of the German Reich" at the beginning of the month to authorize this change, and now 90% of voters in Germany give their approval.

With the death of Paul von Hindenburg one day after Hitler signed that law, Hitler was able to proclaim himself Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Chancellor), both head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces.

This violates the Weimar Constitution because on the death or resignation of a Reich president, the president of the High Court of Justice is supposed to take his place until new elections can be held. Even the infamous Enabling Act, which allows Hitler as Chancellor to rule by decree, forbids any interference with the powers and independence of the office of President.

By this point, however, no one is willing to publicly object, much less initiate any legal actions to stop Hitler.


1933 Hindenburg at Tannenberg

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