Birth of Future Supreme Court Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone Hot

Birth of Future Supreme Court Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone

Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone

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Future Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Harlan Fiske Stone is born in Chesterfied, New Hampshire. He will only be Chief Justice from 1941 until his death in 1946, making his one of the shortest terms in the history of the Supreme Court.

Harlan Fiske Stone will also be the first U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice to have never served in any elected office, though he does have a strong legal career.

One the most important decisions Harlan Fiske Stone will make as Chief Justice will be Ex parte Quirin, which upholds the right of the president to try Nazi saboteurs in military tribunals rather than criminal courts.

Stone will be critical of the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunals, calling them a fraud:

"[Chief US prosecutor] Jackson is away conducting his high-grade lynching party in Nuremberg.

I don't mind what he does to the Nazis, but I hate to see the pretense that he is running a court and proceeding according to common law. This is a little too sanctimonious a fraud to meet my old-fashioned ideas."

In a private letter Stone will ask:

" ... I wonder how some of those who preside at the trials would justify some of the acts of their own governments if they were placed in the status of the accused."

Video

Harlan Fiske Stone Swears in Harry Truman

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