Death of the Unpopular Pope Paul IV

Death of the Unpopular Pope Paul IV

Pope Paul IV
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Pope Paul IV dies in Rome. Born Giampietro Caraffa, he was responsible for reorganizing the Inquisition in Italy while archbishop of Naples, and many were surprised that such a rigid and uncompromising person would be selected to become pope.

Pope Paul IV has become so unpopular that after he dies, a mob will storm the Inquisition and tear down his statue.

While in office, Paul IV used his power both to promote Italian nationalism and to further strengthen the powers of the Inquisition. When German Catholics and Protestants finally worked out an agreement to end their fighting by agreeing that cuius regio, eius religio (the ruler of the state shall determine the religion), Paul condemned the agreement because he thought that it would hurt the Church.

As is typical of Renaissance popes, also Paul IV used his office to enrich his family. He made his nephew Carlo Caraffa a cardinal and gave other relatives benefices and estates taken from those who supported Spain. Pope Paul IV had an almost irrational hatred of Spain and conspired with the French government to drive the Spanish out of Italy, but he was defeated in battle in 1557.

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