Death of King Louis IX of France During Eighth Crusade Hot

Death of King Louis IX of France During Eighth Crusade

King Louis IX of France

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King Louis IX of France dies in Tunisia while on the Eighth Crusade. This is his second Crusade; his first was the Seventh Crusade, launched in 1248. Both ended in failure, and he is reluctantly replaced by his brother Charles of Anjou, King of Sicily.

The Seventh Crusade, which King Louis IX paid for by expelling Jews, confiscating their wealth, and insisting that any debts owed to Jews be paid to him, started out better than this one. The French were able to capture Damietta quickly, but later after the Battle of Fariskur, Louis was himself taken captive and had to pay a massive ransom.

In this his second Crusade, Louis dies about a month after landing in Africa and never accomplishes anything. All of the Crusading which King Louis IX engages in has been part of his larger devotion to and zeal for Christianity. He hasn't be looking for imperial conquests or to extend the size of French territory, but rather to extend and defend Christian power.

King Louis IX regarded himself as a "lieutenant of God on Earth" and France as "the eldest daughter of the Church" (la fille aînée de l'Église). For him, the status of each was part of a long tradition of France and the French monarch protecting the Church, a tradition which goes back to Charlemagne.

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Last Words of Saint Louis IX, King of France

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