Death of Pope Gregory IX

Death of Pope Gregory IX

Pope Gregory IX
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Pope Gregory IX dies in Rome. Elected as a compromise candidate, he focused first and foremost on dealing with the problems created by Emperor Frederick II.

Pope Gregory IX started out almost immediately by putting Frederick under a ban for not fulfilling his oath to launch a crusade to the Holy Land. This ban led to excommunication and numerous threats.

Frederick II responded by launching a conspiracy against Gregory, who only narrowly escaped. Eventually Frederick did go off on his crusade and even had himself crowned king of Jerusalem on March 18, 1229.

Pope Gregory IX canonized a number of people who were important in the history of the Catholic Church, including Elizabeth, Dominic and Anthony of Padua, as well as Francis of Assisi, who had been a personal friend.

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