Arnulf of Chocques of the First Crusade is Elected Patriarch of Jerusalem Hot

Arnulf of Chocques of the First Crusade is Elected Patriarch of Jerusalem

Map of the First Crusade, 1095-1099

Timeline of History

History Topics
Religious History
Christian History
Religious Intolerance

Arnulf of Chocques, one of the religious leaders of the First Crusade, is elected Patriarch of Jerusalem. A chaplain in the Norman crusader army led by Robert of Normandy, he was a papal legate under the authority of Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy.

After Adhemar's death, Arnulf of Chocques shared leadership of all the Christian clergy on the Crusade with fellow legate Peter of Narbonne.

The election of Arnulf as Patriarch of Jerusalem is supported by Godfrey of Bouillon, the first king of Jerusalem, and in return he announces his decision to support Godfrey's desire to make Jerusalem a secular kingdom governed by secular laws rather than one ruled by Christian clergy.

Arnulf of Chocques is not popular with everyone, however. During the Siege of Antioch he was one of the loudest skeptics of Peter Bartholomew's claims to have discovered the Holy Lance, and it's because of his opposition that Peter undergoes trial by fire to prove his credibility — a trial that he dies from, but only a couple of weeks later so people assume that he actually passed.

Arnulf of Chocques also bans all non-Latin religious rites, both in the Crusader army and in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. This creates a lot of ill will among Greeks and Eastern Orthodox Christians. Some Crusaders believe he is corrupt, and clerics accuse him of all manner of improprieties.

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