Roman Emperors Condemn Nestorianism

Roman emperors Theodosius II and Valentinian III explicitly condemn Nestorianism, a doctrine declared a heresy in the First Council of Ephesus in 431. Followers of Nestorius will be called Simonians and are forbidden from having public gatherings. Their books are banned and will be burned.

This decree says:

"Nestorius, who has authored a monstrous superstition, is condemned and his followers will be branded with the mark of an appropriate name so they do not misuse the name of Christians...

Adherents of the nefarious sect of Nestorius will be called Simonians so they appear to have received the name of him whose crime they have imitated in deserting God [Simon Magus, Acts 8:9-24].

No one should dare to have, read, or copy the impious books of the nefarious and sacrilegious Nestorius, created in opposition to the venerable sect of the orthodox and against the commands of the holy synod of bishops held at Ephesus.

We decree that such books must be diligently and zealously sought out and publicly burned.

No one is permitted to mention heretics by any name other than the aforesaid one. No one is permitted, either secretly or openly, to furnish space for the purpose of holding a council, in any building or villa or suburban place or in any other place at all.

Violators of this law will be punished by the confiscation of his property." [CTh 16.5.66]

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