Argued: Torcaso v. Watkins — The U.S. Supreme Court will rule unanimously that Maryland's religious test for public office violates Roy Torcaso's right to religious freedom.
Torcaso, who wanted to be a Notary Public, had been prevented from doing so because Article 37 of Maryland's Declaration of Rights says:
"[N]o religious test ought ever to be required as a qualification for any office of profit or trust in this State, other than a declaration of belief in the existence of God."
Justice Black writes in the unanimous court decision:
"We repeat and again reaffirm that neither a State nor the Federal Government can constitutionally force a person "to profess a belief or disbelief in any religion." Neither can constitutionally pass laws or impose requirements which aid all religions as against non-believers, and neither can aid those religions based on a belief in the existence of God as against those religions founded on different beliefs."
Read More: Torcaso v. Watkins