Israel begins the trial of Adolf Eichmann, captured in Argentina and charged with directing Nazi Germany's attempted extermination of European Jews. Because of his strong organizational skills, Reinhard Heydrich placed him in charge of managing the logistics behind the Holocaust.
Eichmann was so committed to the extermination of Jews in Europe that even after Heinrich Himmler ordered him to halt work and begin destroying evidence of what the Nazis had been doing, he continued to organize the deportation of Jews from Hungary to extermination camps still in operation.
During interrogations after the war, Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Höss said:
"Eichmann was always active. He couldn't rest. He traveled constantly. He said the 'final solution' must be decisive because nobody knows how the war will end.".