The Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal rules that any soldier who kills innocent civilians is just as guilty of murder as the commanders who give the order to kill.
This finding is reached in the Einsatz Commando case, called by some the biggest murder trial in human history, and it dismisses the primary defense that's been offered by twenty-two members of the SS charged with murdering over one million Jews, Gypsies, and partisans.
According to the tribunal:
"The obedience of a soldier is not the obedience of an automaton. A soldier is a reasoning agent. It is a fallacy of widespread consumption that a soldier is required to do everything his superior officers order him to do."
This will be one of the key rulings in all of the Nuremberg War Crimes trials.